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Five Centuries of the Reformation in Poland
20 Złotych

2017

Edition Metal Stamp Diameter Weight Mintage BU Unc XF VF FF
2017 MW Ag 925 Proof ↑↑ ø 38.61 mm 28.28 g 20 000 56.7 - - - -
↓ Obverse ↓
Obverse Five Centuries of the Reformation in Poland 20 Złotych 2017
Reverse Five Centuries of the Reformation in Poland 20 Złotych 2017
↑ Reverse ↑
Coin
Issuer Narodowy Bank Polski
Coin type Collector's
Shape Circle
Denomination & currency 20 Złotych
20.00 PLN
Design Anna Wątróbska-Wdowiarska
Edition details
Year of the edition 2017
Year on Coin 2017
Edition date 2017-10-23
Edition price -
Mint Mennica Polska SA (Warszawa)
Privy mark MW
Mintage 20 000
Physical characteristics
Stamp Proof
Medal alignment
Metal Silver (Ag 925)
Diameter ø 38.61 mm
Weight 28.28 g
Border Plain
Rim Upset
Additional decorations -
Coin Catalogs
Fischer K(20) 086
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Sample graph - Fryderyk Chopin, 50 Złotych, 1972
Description
On 31 October 1517, the Augustinian monk Martin Luther announced 95 theses against the sale of indulgences. This event is seen as the symbolic beginning of the Reformation, which quickly spread across Europe. In Poland and in Lithuania, Lutheranism became established in the first half of the 16th century, while denominations such as Calvinism and the Czech Brethren became popular a little later. In the 1560s the so-called Polish Brethren emerged from the community of Polish Calvinists. The peaceful coexistence of different faiths had a long tradition in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Groups such as Orthodox Christians and Jews enjoyed religious freedom, as well as Tatars and Crimean Karaites in the territory of Lithuania. The last rulers of the Jagiellonian dynasty tried to stop the expansion of Protestantism, but their edicts were not enforced. In fact, the rulers themselves indirectly contributed to the establishment of Lutheranism in our part of Europe - Sigismund the Elder approved the transformation of the Teutonic State into a Lutheran duchy, and Sigismund Augustus accepted the creation of a Lutheran Courland. In the second half of the 16th century, Poland was an oasis of religious peace, and Protestantism dominated among the noble elites. Only the heirless death of Sigismund Augustus and the need to choose a new monarch led the nobles to secure the Commonwealth against religious conflicts. Professor Edward Opaliński
Obverse
The obverse of the jubilee coin features a fragment of the text of the so-called Warsaw Confederation, signed in January 1573 at the Convocation Sejm. Several articles of that legal act were devoted to ensuring religious freedoms for the various Christian denominations. From that point on it was prohibited to use violence or to force someone to change their religion.
Reverse
The reverse of the jubilee coin features the image of the Lutheran Bishop Juliusz Bursche, with a Commander’s Cross of the Order of Polonia Restituta. The Bishop was distinguished by his faithful service to Poland. In spring 1919, he participated in the Paris Peace Conference as the Polish expert on the issue of Cieszyn Silesia and East Prussia. In the years 1919-1920, he led the Polish plebiscite committee in Warmia. It was because of his allegiance to Poland that he died a martyr’s death at the Moabit Prison in Berlin in February 1942.
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