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Vilnius Offensive
10 Złotych

2019

Edition Metal Stamp Diameter Weight Mintage BU Unc XF VF FF
2019 MW Ag 925 Proof ↑↑ ø 32 mm 14.14 g 13 000 - - - - -
↓ Obverse ↓
Obverse Vilnius Offensive 10 Złotych 2019
Reverse Vilnius Offensive 10 Złotych 2019
↑ Reverse ↑
Coin
Issuer Narodowy Bank Polski
Coin type Collector's
Shape Circle
Denomination & currency 10 Złotych
10.00 PLN
Design Grzegorz Pfeifer
Edition details
Year of the edition 2019
Year on Coin 2019
Edition date 2019-03-21
Edition price -
Mint Mennica Polska SA (Warszawa)
Privy mark MW
Mintage 13 000
Physical characteristics
Stamp Proof
Medal alignment
Metal Silver (Ag 925)
Diameter ø 32 mm
Weight 14.14 g
Border Plain
Rim Upset
Additional decorations -
Coin Catalogs
Fischer K(10) 210
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Sample graph - Fryderyk Chopin, 50 Złotych, 1972
Description
The Vilnius operation was planned and launched by Józef Piłsudski in April 1919 contrary to the opinion held by the Polish and French military staff, who foretold its failure. The Commander-inChief hoped to forestall the expected offensive by the Bolsheviks, who were concentrating their troops beyond the Neman to hit the Polish state, which was only just organising itself, and to transform it into a soviet republic. Part of the Polish forces attacked Navahrudak, Baranavichy, and Lida, thus catching the attention of the enemy. Under their cover, a group made up of a cavalry brigade commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Władysław Belina-Prażmowski and several infantry battalions led by General Edward RydzŚmigły advanced on Vilnius on 16 April. Belina’s cavalry overtook the infantry and, moving through the woods, caught the strong Bolshevik garrison in Vilnius by surprise at dawn on 19 April. With the support of the local people, part of the city was seized. The enemy recovered from the surprise, and heavy street fighting broke out. In the evening, when the cavalry was running out of ammunition, a battalion of the 1st Infantry Regiment of the Polish Legions arrived in Vilnius on a captured train. Victory was secured by the arrival of the main forces of the Polish infantry on the night of 20 to 21 April. By noon on 21 April, the entire city was captured. For the Bolsheviks, losing Vilnius was a great propagandistic and military failure. In Poland, the news of the city’s liberation triggered an explosion of joy. The success was seen as a promise of a future victory in the war against Bolshevik Russia. The foray of Belina’s cavalry to Vilnius was considered one of the most beautiful actions of the Polish cavalry in the wars of 1919−1920. Prof. Janusz Odziemkowski
Obverse
The obverse carries an image of a military commemorative badge awarded to the participants of the Vilnius expedition in the interwar period.
Reverse
The reverse of the coin features an image of Lieutenant Colonel Władysław Belina-Prażmowski, dubbed the first uhlan of the Second Republic of Poland, against the background of the cavalry marching to Vilnius. He was a legionnaire and the organiser and commander of the 1st Uhlan Regiment of the Polish Legions he organised the 1st Cavalry Brigade in independent Poland, which he commanded in the years 1919−1920. In the autumn of 1920, he left the army at his own request. In the years 1931−1933, he was the Mayor of Cracow, and then the Voivode of the Lvov Province until 1938.
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